Australia GK Questions Answers in English

Australia GK Questions Answers in English

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Australia is the smallest continent and the largest island of the world. The name Australia is derived from the Latin word “Australis” which means “southern”. In this article, we are giving 10 GK Questions and Answers on the Geography of Australia with an explanation for self-assessment which will be helpful for the competitive exams like UPSC/PCS/SSC/CDS etc.

Australia GK Questions Answers in English

No.-1.  Australia Day is the official national day of Australia celebrated annually on which date?

Answer: 26 January.

No.-2. Melbourne was founded on which date by British?

Answer: 30 August 1835.

No.-3. Before the 19th century, what was the name of Australia?

Answer: New Holland.

No.-4. Parliament House of Australia, construction was started on which year?

Answer: Started in 1981 and completed in 1988.

No.-5. Where the Parliament House of Australia is located?

Answer: Canberra.

No.-6.  Launceston is a city in the north of Tasmania, Australia. When the city was founded?

Answer: Founded by Europeans in March 1806.

No.-7. Brisbane is the state capital of Queensland and was founded on which date?

Answer: 13 May 1825.

No.-8. What is the Human Development Index (HDI) of Australia according to 2017?

Answer: 0.939.

No.-9. What is the Per Capita Income of Australia according to International Monetary Fund 2017 report?

Answer: 55,707 US-$.

No.-10.  Sydney is the largest city of which country?

Answer: Australia.

Australia GK Questions  in English

No.-11. Which city is the sixth-largest city in Australia?

Answer: Gold Coast, Queensland.

No.-12. Name the National Currency of Australia?

Answer: Australian dollar (AUD).

No.-13. What is the primary securities exchange of Australia?

Answer: Australian Securities Exchange (located in Sydney, Australia).

No.-14. According to Index of Economic Freedom (2017) what was the rank of Australia?

Answer: Fifth.

No.-15. Which is the busiest airport in Australia?

Answer: Sydney Airport (at Sydney, New South Wales).

No.-16. Australia is officially known as which name?

Answer: Commonwealth of Australia.

No.-17. Victoria is a state in Australia. What is capital of this state?

Answer: Melbourne.

No.-18. Uluru is known as Ayers Rock located at where?

Answer: Southern part of the Northern Territory in central Australia.

No.-19. kangaroo is the national animal of which country?

Answer: Australia.

No.-20. Who is the current Prime Minister of Australia?

Answer: Anthony Albanese (since 23 May 2022).

No.-21. Who is the Governor General of Australia?

Answer: Sir Peter Cosgrove (since 28 March 2014).

No.-22. Which is the largest country in Oceania region?

Answer: Australia.

Australia  Questions Answers in English

No.-23. What is the Capital of Australia?

Answer: Canberra.

No.-24. Which is the Australia’s highest mountain?

Answer: Mount Kosciuszko (2,228 m or 7,310 ft).

No.-25. How many states are there in Australia?

Answer: 6 states (New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia).

No.-26. What is the scientific name of Emu (national bird of Australia)?

Answer: Dromaius novaehollandiae.

No.-27. Australian National University is located at where in Australia?

Answer: Canberra.

No.-28. What is the estimated population of Australia?

Answer: 25.724 million as of January 2021 (source IMF).

No.-29. Sydney Opera House was designed by whom?

Answer: Danish architect ‘Jørn Utzon’.

No.-30. What is the nickname of Sydney Harbour Bridge?

Answer: ‘The Coathanger’.

No.-31. ‘Port Arthur’ town was named after whom?

Answer: George Arthur (Lieutenant Governor of British Honduras from 1814 to 1822).


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